Jungle Safari >> Conservation Area
+ Annapurna Conservation Area
+ Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
+ Manaslu Conservation Area

The Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) contains some of the world's highest peaks (> 8,000m), the world's deepest valley - the Kali Gandaki Valley, Nepal's largest protected area (7,629 km2), and Nepal's most popular trekking destination with over 50,000 annual visitors. Of all protected areas in Nepal, different areas within Annapurna receive both highest and lowest average rainfall (5,600 - 400mm).

Within the altitudinal range of 1,000 - 8,000m, ACA has an entire habitat gradient from sub tropical sal forest to perennial snow harboring 22 different forest types with 1,226 plant species including 55 endemics. About 101 species of mammals including many rare and endangered species like snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetan argali, and Tibetan wolf are found. Of 478 species of birds that are found in Annapurna, 38 breeding species belong to a group that are at risk in Nepal. The Kali Gandaki River is a major divide for bird distributions where species typical to both east and west Nepal occur. Also, Annapurna is the only protected area in Nepal where all 6 Himalayan pheasants of Nepal, are found.

Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, bordering Sikkim in India, the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China and east Nepal. The Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (KCA) with an area of 1,650 km 2 accounts for nearly 65 percent of the entire land area of Taplejung District. Because KCA is located due north of Bay of Bangal , KCA receives more rainfall from the summer monsoon than other parts of Nepal. These climatic conditions, combined with steep elevation gradients, support high biodiversity. Surveys indicate that there are at least 2,500 species of flowering plants, and several endangered wildlife species.

The cultural diversity within KCA is equally impressive as it contains a number of culturally significant landmarks, including centuries-old monasteries (gompa) and sites of Hindu pilgrimage. Limbu, the largest ethnic population together with the Gurung, Rai, Brahmins and Chhetris as well as Tibetan refugees, inhabit the three river valleys - Tamur, Ghunsa and Sibuwa. A majority of the population are dependent on agriculture and livestock. Harvesting of forest resources contribute much to their subsistence. It is estimated that almost 75% of the households in the Conservation Area face food scarcity every year.

Manaslu Conservation Area (MCA) with an area of 1,663 km 2, covers seven Village Development Committees (VDC) of Gorkha District. They are Samagaun, Lho, Prok, Bihi, Chumchet, Chhekampar and Sirdibas. MCA with a population of over 9,000 people, is actively managed by the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation . The araea harbors some 11 forest types, well over 29 species of mammals and 200 species of birds. As cultural perspective is pivotal in the motivation of the resident people in the Manaslu region, lamas from monasteries like Shringi Gompa in Bihi, Mu and Rachen Gompa have prohibited the locals to hunt wildlife. This has helped the wildlife and their habitat including the snow leopard, Tibetan wolf, musk deer, blue sheep and Himalayan Tahr.

Most of the villages do not have safe drinking water supply or electricity. Education and health services are almost non-existent. Marginal agriculture, and animal husbandry are the main stay. Dependency on natural resources is on the rise. The management has opened several kerosene depots, trained villagers as certified medical assistants and lodge managers and has brought several development-related activities.

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